A Beginner’s Guide to the Stock Market for Teens

Investing in the stock market can be intimidating for anyone, but it’s especially daunting for teenagers who are just starting to learn about personal finance. However, it’s never too early to start investing in the stock market, as it can be an effective way to grow your wealth over the long term.

In this article, we’ll go over the basics of the stock market and provide tips on how teenagers can get started with investing.

What is the Stock Market?

The stock market is a place where companies go to raise capital by selling shares of their ownership to the public. When you buy a share of a company’s stock, you become a part-owner of that company. The value of your investment will rise or fall depending on how well the company performs.

How does the Stock Market Work?

The stock market is made up of exchanges, such as the New York Stock Exchange and the Nasdaq. These exchanges allow investors to buy and sell shares of stock in publicly traded companies.

When a company goes public, it issues an initial public offering (IPO) of stock, which can then be bought and sold by investors on the exchange.

What are the Benefits of investing in the stock market?

Investing in the stock market can provide long-term growth opportunities for your money. Historically, the stock market has returned an average of 10% per year, which is much higher than the average savings account interest rate.

Additionally, many companies pay dividends to their shareholders, which can provide a steady stream of income.

How can teenagers get started with investing?

Start small

As a teenager, you likely don’t have a lot of money to invest, so it’s important to start small. Consider investing in a low-cost index fund or ETF that tracks the performance of the overall stock market.

Open a custodial account

If you’re under 18, you’ll need an adult to help you open a custodial account, which is a type of account that allows minors to invest in the stock market. A custodial account is managed by an adult until the minor reaches the age of majority.

Do your research

Before investing in a stock, it’s important to do your research and understand the company’s financials, management team, and overall business model. This can help you make informed investment decisions.

Diversify your portfolio

It’s important to diversify your portfolio by investing in a mix of different stocks and other assets, such as bonds and real estate. This can help reduce your overall risk and increase your potential for long-term growth.


Investing in the stock market can be a great way for teenagers to start building wealth and preparing for their financial future. By starting small, doing their research, and diversifying their portfolio, teens can set themselves up for long-term success in the stock market.

Remember, investing is a long-term game, so it’s important to be patient and stick to your investment strategy.